Building your own higher end IP camera surveillance system PART 2 The installation

Now that you have chosen the cameras you wish to include in your surveillance NVR build I will show you how to install them.

You will need the following:

For this guide I am installing a Hikvision DS-2CD2632F-i  bullet camera & a Hikvision DS-2CD2132F Dome camera both are 3MP (Megapixel)
Of course there are cheaper options available for your build but this is the particular brand I like because it works well and is high quality; you can also find them online for a really good price. Here is a list of other cameras and if your budget is on the high side you can use more expensive brand name cameras like aCti, AXISArecont Vision etc

  • POE switch or injector  If the NVR you are installing does not have a internal POE switch OR you wish to deploy cameras out in the field and do not wish to run each camera cable back to the NVR.-
  • Zip ties to tidy your cable up because nobody likes messy cable installations.
  • NVR in this guide I am installing a Hikvision NVR. If you are installing a Hikvision NVR it really doesnt matter which one you get if you are following along with this guide because the GUI (graphical user interface) is the same on all newer models. I am installing the DS-7616NI-E2/16P

Step 1:

Determine which areas of your home and business you would like to cover by cameras and determine if a dome type IP camera OR a bullet type camera would be more appropriate. Dome cameras are more appealing to the eye and are better all round cameras and truth  be told 95% of all cameras installations I do professionally I do with dome cameras. Bullet cameras are more for longer and narrower field of view shots such as looking across a drive way or down a corridor.

Step 2:

Determine the location of the NVR; this is the location you will be running the camera cables to; make sure if you want to view the cameras from a smart phone or a remote computer that you have access to run a cable to your router/switch.

Step 3:

Cut a hole in the wall using the drywall jab saw using the single gang cut in ring as a template; this is where you will need to fish the cables out of.

Step 4:

Start drilling your holes. I typically drill a 3/4 in hole in the side of house or business exactly where I would like to mount the camera and make sure I am drilling into the attic space so we can easily hide our cables. You can also run your cable into your crawlspace and run the cable under your house or business.

Drill your hole

Step 5:

Attach your CAT5e cable to the end of your glow rod with electrical tape and stick all the way into the hole you have just drilled.

glowrod

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Step 6:

With your headlamp go into the attic (or crawlspace) and find the end of the glow rod and pull the cable all the way to above the wall where you have cut your hole where the NVR is going.
You will probably need to drill a hole through the top plate along the top of the wall using a spade bit (when drilling through the top plate I like to use a 1″ spade bit just in case I decide to add more cameras in the future) the top plate is 2 2×4 studs stacked on top of each other so your spade bit needs to be at least 4 in long.
Once your hole has been drilled go ahead and stick the end of the glow rod down into the hole and depending on how far up the wall you have your cut in ring will determine if you need to screw on a second section to the glow rod (I typically place my cut in line with the electrical outlets on the wall making it more aesthetically pleasing so I would need to screw on a second 6′ piece on to the end of the glow rod with cable attached.

If you are running the cable under the house then you will need to have drilled a hole down through the bottom plate when you did your cut in ring; make sure to stick a glow rod into this hole and leave it there so you can attach the cable down in the crawl space and pull it up through the cut in ring.

found-the-glow-rod
Here is the glow rod.
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Pull the glow rod through the hole with the cable attached.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Step 7:

If you are using non premade CAT5e then you will need to make the connection on the end of the cable you just pulled. I am using the EZ Crimper with EZ CAT5e connectors because it saves time and cuts down on errors.

Take the end of the CAT5e cable or if you have pre made cables just plug the end of the cable into the back of the NVR if it has a built in POE switch OR your independent POE switch or injector.

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Step 8:

Go back out to the camera location and crimp your connector on the the end of the CAT5e cable after cutting the cable off at the box.

Stuff the excess cable into the attic through the hole so you can move the camera to a different location in the future if need be.

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Step 9:

Unbox your camera and connect the CAT5e connector to the camera. Depending on the style, brand and model of the camera will determine where the connection is.

Mount the camera.  If the camera is a dome style camera then you will need to use the provided security tool to open the dome to get at the screw locations (or you can use a security torque tool).

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Step 10:

Go back to the NVR location and if you have not already done so please go ahead; unbox and plug in.
If you have a POE switch not built into the NVR you will need to take a short CAT5e patch cable and plug this into the back of the NVR into ethernet port 1 of 2 (if your model has a second ethernet port)  and your router into port 2 of 2  for remote access.

If your NVR has a built in POE switch please plug the camera cable(s) into that and plug your router into the LAN ethernet jack on the back of the NVR if you wish to view the cameras remotely.

Plug in your monitor and mouse to the back of the NVR then power the NVR up.

Step 11:

Once the NVR has been powered up you will see the boot screen followed by a prompt to set the NVR password which you will need to enter twice. Once you set the password you will be prompted to set a password pattern (much like an android phone).

Once the NVR has fully booted up please right click in the middle of the screen with the mouse and go to the system configuration option where you will set the time under the general tab then click on the network tab.

In the network tab it is very important to change the default LAN1 NIC IP to 192.168.1.65 because if you leave it as 192.168.1.64 this will cause problems activating the Hikvision cameras in the NVR since the default IP for the cameras is 192.168.1.64.

Step 12:

In the main menu please select ‘camera setup’ where there will be a list of cameras the NVR has discovered. If the camera(s) say ‘inactive’ you will have to select the inactive camera and click on ‘one touch activation’ where you will setup the camera password. Once all the cameras are active then you will need to click on the + icon on each camera and the NVR will assign an IP address to the camera(s) then add them to the system.

If you right click all the way out of the menu and to the main display you should see your camera(s) displayed and now you can adjust the views on the cameras to your liking. The best way to adjust the views is have someone else on looking at the monitor and tell you over the phone when the view is good but an even better option and one you can do on your own is to use the app to view and focus the cameras but for this you will need to network your NVR which is pretty simple.

Stopping your ISP from selling your information

Last week the House Of Representives and the Senate voted in favor of tossing out Obama era regulations banning your ISP from selling your browsing history to advertisers, future employers, and – well anyone with a check book really.

You are probably be aware of the fact that Facebook, Google, Yahoo etc can track your every internet move with tracking cookies embedded in their webpages. These websites use your browsing history to serve personalized ads to you but this is a free service so the websites have to make money somehow and selling ads is their business. You pay your ISP every month to use their service so they have absolutely no rhyme or reason to sell your information to the highest bidder.

You can block websites from tracking your browsing history by using Adblock Plus  but stopping your ISP from seeing your browsing history requires a little more which I will describe now.

To stop your ISP seeing your browsing history and selling to anyone they choose; you will need to get a VPN (Virtual Private network).

My favorite VPN to use and one I have been using to hide my online identity since 2011 is Hide My Ass.

You simply sign up for the service which costs $6.55 a month if prepaid a year in advance or $11.52 month to month.  Hide My Ass VPN when running will encrypt all of your internet activities blocking your ISP from seeing what you are doing which is exactly what you want and what your ISP does not want
You can even use this service on your smart phones blocking your ISP from seeing your browsing history on these devices too.

Check out Hide My Ass VPN here.

 

HideMyAss.com

How and why to enable Two-Factor Authentication on your Google, facebook and other online accounts

In today’s day and age it is now more than ever imperative to protect your online accounts from hackers and one way you can help is by Two-Factor Authentication (2FA) on all your online accounts that have this feature and choosing a strong password.

How Two-Factor Authentication works is once you have enabled it, every time you sign into a new computer and sign into your Google account, Facebook, Dropbox or any of the many others you will put your password in and then you will be asked for a code which is randomly generated by an app on your smart phone. the app I use is Authy

When logging in you can chose to keep the information saved so you do not have to log in using your phone each time which you can do for a computer you own or do not save for a public computer.

 

To enable Two-Factor Authentication on your Google account please visit this link

To enable Two-Factor Authentication on your Facebook account please visit this link

To enable Two-Factor Authentication on your Dropbox account please visit this link

For a full list of sites that support Two-Factor Authentication please click here

 

Dropbox 2 factor authentication

Building your own higher end IP camera surveillance system PART 1

Part 1 | Part 2

In this series of posts I will be going over how you can create your own higher end IP Camera surveillance system so you can monitor your home or business either remotely or locally.

Part one of this series will go over selecting the equipment required for this installation; we will be using Amazon as our go to store since their return policy is awesome and prices are extremely competitive.

Selecting your NVR (Network video Recorder)

First step would be selecting your DVR, there are many IP camera NVR (Network Video Recorders) on the market and heck you can even make your own with a decent PC and free software but for this guide I will be going over using the Hikvision NVR since Hikvision makes an extremely nice NVR for a low price; the IP Cameras required are on the higher end BUT are very low cost.

Depending on how many cameras you want to install will determine the NVR you will choose, they come in 4, 8 or 16 channel (cameras)

4 Channel Hikvision NVR

~8 Channel Hikvision NVR

16 Channel Hikvision NVR

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You will also need to choose your hard drive size as the majority of NVR’s are sold without them.

I recommend the Western Digital purple Hard Drive which are designed for CCTV systems that are continually cycling over data after data.

The camera number and quality you wish to record at will determine the hard drive size.

4 channel NVR – 1 terabyte hard drive
8 channel NVR – 2 terabyte hard drive
16 channel NVR – 4 terabyte hard drive

IP Cameras

Choosing a good quality IP camera today on a budget is no longer difficult with  Hikvision IP cameras.
There are many to choose from  but my favorite would be the Hikvision DS-2CD2032-I Outdoor HD 3MP IP Bullet Security Camera 4mm or the Hikvision DS-2CD3132 2.8mm Lens 3MP Mini Dome Camera 1080P POE IP CCTV Camera since they look great physically and the picture quality is fantastic and with a price point on Amazon of around $100, cant go wrong with that.

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Hikvision DS-2CD2032-I Outdoor HD 3MP IP Bullet Security Camera 4mm
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Hikvision DS-2CD3132 2.8mm Lens 3MP Mini Dome Camera 1080P POE IP CCTV Camera

 

Cable and connectors 

Unless you know what you are doing; creating your cables for your IP Camera surveillance system is a little tricky and is time consuming; it is better to just buy pre-made cables from Amazon or have some one make them for you.

~ 50 foot cat5e patch cable
~ 100 foot cat5e patch cable
~ 200 foot cat5e patch cable

UPS (Uninterrupted power supply)

I dont care what anybody else thinks, I have been installing CCTV systems for a long time and I know for a fact that you NEED a UPS incase your power goes out of your power bumps.

This 1500VA UPS is perfect for your new IP surveillance system.

 

CyberPower CP1500AVRLCD Intelligent LCD UPS 1500VA 900W AVR Mini-Tower
CyberPower CP1500AVRLCD Intelligent LCD UPS 1500VA 900W AVR

Part 2 of this series I will go over starting your installation of your IP survellience system.

Part 2 the installation of your NVR.