Now that you have chosen the cameras you wish to include in your surveillance NVR build I will show you how to install them.
You will need the following:
- Cordless drill
You probably already have one of these but if you do not Amazon has a huge selection for great prices.
My favorite is the Milwaukee brand infact I just purchased the Brushless Milwaukee Drill/impact combo
- Spade drill bits for drilling holes
- Cat5e Cable Either by the box or by pre cut lengths with connectors put on.
- RJ45 connectors I personally prefer the EZ CAT5 connectors because there is less error but bear in mind you will need the EZ crimper for this option.
- Drywall screws I prefer 1″ 1/4
- Electrical tape
- Glow rod wire puller this is used for fishing the CAT5 wire from the camera hole into the attic or inside the wall to the NVR location.
- Cable wall plate and single gang cut in ring
- Drywall Saw/Jab Saw my favorite is the Milwaukee drywall saw
- IP cameras
For this guide I am installing a Hikvision DS-2CD2632F-i bullet camera & a Hikvision DS-2CD2132F Dome camera both are 3MP (Megapixel)
Of course there are cheaper options available for your build but this is the particular brand I like because it works well and is high quality; you can also find them online for a really good price. Here is a list of other cameras and if your budget is on the high side you can use more expensive brand name cameras like aCti, AXIS, Arecont Vision etc
- POE switch or injector If the NVR you are installing does not have a internal POE switch OR you wish to deploy cameras out in the field and do not wish to run each camera cable back to the NVR.-
- Zip ties to tidy your cable up because nobody likes messy cable installations.
- NVR in this guide I am installing a Hikvision NVR. If you are installing a Hikvision NVR it really doesnt matter which one you get if you are following along with this guide because the GUI (graphical user interface) is the same on all newer models. I am installing the DS-7616NI-E2/16P
Determine which areas of your home and business you would like to cover by cameras and determine if a dome type IP camera OR a bullet type camera would be more appropriate. Dome cameras are more appealing to the eye and are better all round cameras and truth be told 95% of all cameras installations I do professionally I do with dome cameras. Bullet cameras are more for longer and narrower field of view shots such as looking across a drive way or down a corridor.
Determine the location of the NVR; this is the location you will be running the camera cables to; make sure if you want to view the cameras from a smart phone or a remote computer that you have access to run a cable to your router/switch.
Cut a hole in the wall using the drywall jab saw using the single gang cut in ring as a template; this is where you will need to fish the cables out of.
Start drilling your holes. I typically drill a 3/4 in hole in the side of house or business exactly where I would like to mount the camera and make sure I am drilling into the attic space so we can easily hide our cables. You can also run your cable into your crawlspace and run the cable under your house or business.
Attach your CAT5e cable to the end of your glow rod with electrical tape and stick all the way into the hole you have just drilled.
With your headlamp go into the attic (or crawlspace) and find the end of the glow rod and pull the cable all the way to above the wall where you have cut your hole where the NVR is going.
You will probably need to drill a hole through the top plate along the top of the wall using a spade bit (when drilling through the top plate I like to use a 1″ spade bit just in case I decide to add more cameras in the future) the top plate is 2 2×4 studs stacked on top of each other so your spade bit needs to be at least 4 in long.
Once your hole has been drilled go ahead and stick the end of the glow rod down into the hole and depending on how far up the wall you have your cut in ring will determine if you need to screw on a second section to the glow rod (I typically place my cut in line with the electrical outlets on the wall making it more aesthetically pleasing so I would need to screw on a second 6′ piece on to the end of the glow rod with cable attached.
If you are running the cable under the house then you will need to have drilled a hole down through the bottom plate when you did your cut in ring; make sure to stick a glow rod into this hole and leave it there so you can attach the cable down in the crawl space and pull it up through the cut in ring.
If you are using non premade CAT5e then you will need to make the connection on the end of the cable you just pulled. I am using the EZ Crimper with EZ CAT5e connectors because it saves time and cuts down on errors.
Take the end of the CAT5e cable or if you have pre made cables just plug the end of the cable into the back of the NVR if it has a built in POE switch OR your independent POE switch or injector.
Go back out to the camera location and crimp your connector on the the end of the CAT5e cable after cutting the cable off at the box.
Stuff the excess cable into the attic through the hole so you can move the camera to a different location in the future if need be.
Unbox your camera and connect the CAT5e connector to the camera. Depending on the style, brand and model of the camera will determine where the connection is.
Mount the camera. If the camera is a dome style camera then you will need to use the provided security tool to open the dome to get at the screw locations (or you can use a security torque tool).
Go back to the NVR location and if you have not already done so please go ahead; unbox and plug in.
If you have a POE switch not built into the NVR you will need to take a short CAT5e patch cable and plug this into the back of the NVR into ethernet port 1 of 2 (if your model has a second ethernet port) and your router into port 2 of 2 for remote access.
If your NVR has a built in POE switch please plug the camera cable(s) into that and plug your router into the LAN ethernet jack on the back of the NVR if you wish to view the cameras remotely.
Plug in your monitor and mouse to the back of the NVR then power the NVR up.
Once the NVR has been powered up you will see the boot screen followed by a prompt to set the NVR password which you will need to enter twice. Once you set the password you will be prompted to set a password pattern (much like an android phone).
Once the NVR has fully booted up please right click in the middle of the screen with the mouse and go to the system configuration option where you will set the time under the general tab then click on the network tab.
In the network tab it is very important to change the default LAN1 NIC IP to 192.168.1.65 because if you leave it as 192.168.1.64 this will cause problems activating the Hikvision cameras in the NVR since the default IP for the cameras is 192.168.1.64.
In the main menu please select ‘camera setup’ where there will be a list of cameras the NVR has discovered. If the camera(s) say ‘inactive’ you will have to select the inactive camera and click on ‘one touch activation’ where you will setup the camera password. Once all the cameras are active then you will need to click on the + icon on each camera and the NVR will assign an IP address to the camera(s) then add them to the system.
If you right click all the way out of the menu and to the main display you should see your camera(s) displayed and now you can adjust the views on the cameras to your liking. The best way to adjust the views is have someone else on looking at the monitor and tell you over the phone when the view is good but an even better option and one you can do on your own is to use the app to view and focus the cameras but for this you will need to network your NVR which is pretty simple.